Prudence, impatience and laziness: Are these contagious personality traits?
People tend to unconsciously imitate others' prudent, impatient or lazy attitudes, according to a new study. 'Prudence,' 'impatience' or 'laziness' are typically thought of as entrenched personality traits that guide how people weigh the cost of risk, delay and effort (respectively). However, new research shows that people's attitudes towards effort, delay or risk drift towards those of others.
NIH funding helps generate private-sector patents
Research grants issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) contribute to a significant number of private-sector patents in biomedicine, according to a new study. The study examines 27 years of data and finds that 31 percent of NIH grants, which are publicly funded, produce articles that are later cited by patents in the biomedical sector.
Aging: Cell coordination breakdown
Scientists have resolved a key question in aging research by showing how mouse immune cells of different ages respond to stimulation. Study demonstrates weaker response of older cells is due to their coordination breaking down, making their response to immune stimulation more variable. Single-cell sequencing technology allows scientists to profile individual cells independently to view cellular activity in high resolution.
Previous exposure to flaviviruses increases effects of Zika
Prior infection with dengue or West Nile virus can enhance the effects of Zika infection, a new study using human samples tested in mice finds.
Sculpting optical microstructures with slight changes in chemistry
In 2013, materials scientists grew a 'garden' of self-assembled crystal microstructures. Now, applied mathematicians have developed a framework to better understand and control the fabrication of these microstructures. Together, the researchers used that framework to grow sophisticated optical microcomponents.